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Calendar                 

Days of the Week & Months

While records typically number the date, there are times when they will use the day of the week. Most romance languages follow the ancient Latin manner in naming the days of the week apart from saturni dies (day of Saturn) which was changed to Sabbat by Constantine I, and solis dies (day of Sun), which was changed in the First Council of Nicaea of 325AD to Dominicus Dies. However, Portuguese is the only romance language that does not follow this precedence. This is due to Saint Martin de Braga c.520-580AD, who was a recognized scholar, a prolific writer, and for his work in converting the inhabitance of Gallæcia (the modern-day Porto-Galicia region), eventually becoming the archbishop of Braga.

Due to the influence of St. Martin, the Portuguese language counts its days in feiras or ‘free days’ starting from Sunday. Below are the days of the week in Portuguese.

English

Português

Sunday

Domigo

Monday

Segunda-feira

Tuesday

Terça-feira

Wednesday

Quarta-feira

Thursday

Quinta-feira

Friday

Sexta-feira

Saturday

Sábado

Along with the day, records include the month. These are often abbreviated to conserve space. The months of September through December are often abbreviated with numbers such as 7bro for September. This may be confusing as September is the 9th month in the modern Gregorian calendar; the reason for this is that September comes from Latin septem or ‘seven’ as it was the seventh month in the ancient Roman calendar. Below are the months in Portuguese.

English

Português

Abbreviations

Examples

 

January

 

Janeiro

 

 

 

Jano

Janro

 

February

 

Fevereiro

 

 

Fevro

 

March

 

Março

 

 

April

 

Abril

 

 

May

 

Maio

 

 

June

 

Junho

 

 

July

 

Julho

 

 

 

August

 

Agosto

 

 

Agto

 

September

 

Setembro

 

 

7bro

 

October

 

Outubro

 

 

8bro

 

November

 

Novembro

 

 

9bro

 

December

 

Dezembro

 

 

10bro

Xbro