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Glossaire généalogique

LISTE DES MOTS UTILISÉS DANS LES DOSSIERS GÉNÉALOGIQUES


DICTIONNAIRES EN LIGNE

Parce que la langue change constamment et que de nombreux mots utilisés dans les anciens documents pourraient avoir une signification différente de la signification courante utilisée aujourd'hui, les dictionnaires des années ou des siècles précédents sont une excellente ressource pour les chercheurs.

Cliquez sur chaque lettre pour voir la liste des termes généalogiques.

A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - #'S ​ - VERBS

Pour accéder aux dictionnaires historiques, veuillez trouver les liens ci-dessous : 

Les dictionnaires du français moderne | Académie française (academie-francaise.fr)

Dictionnaires d'autrefois | The ARTFL Project (uchicago.edu)

Dictionnaire françois : contenant les mots et les choses, plusieurs nouvelles remarques sur la langue françoise, ses expressions propres, figurées et burlesques, la prononciation des mots les plus difficiles, le genre des noms, le régime des verbes... ([Reprod.]) / par P. Richelet | Gallica (bnf.fr)

Parce que la langue change constamment et que de nombreux mots utilisés dans les anciens documents peuvent avoir un sens différent du sens commun utilisé aujourd'hui, les dictionnaires des années ou des siècles précédents sont une excellente ressource pour les chercheurs. Pour accéder à plusieurs dictionnaires historiques combinés et croisés dans un même site Web, voir https://www.lexilogos.com/francais_dictionnaire.htm

Letter A
    ​​
à la fois: both​
 
abbaye: abbey
 
abcès: abscess
 
abris: protection, shelter; security, voucher; frontier customs guard
 
absent: absent; absentee, missing person
 
acceptation: acceptance; approval; approbation
 
accord: agreement, covenant, pact
 
accorder: to set forth, establish, offer, grant, stipulate or promise something usually used when the notary is preparing the actual document
 
accouchement: labor, birth
 
acre: acre
 
acte: act, certificate, document, record, official act
 
adjoint(e): assistant, deputy, substitute
 
adjoint: adjoining
 
administration: administration
 
adopté: adopted
 
adultère: adultery, violation of the marriage vows
 
advantage de délibérer: (law) opportunity of deliberation in which the heir can postpone acceptance of inheritance until inventory has been made
 
affinité: relation by marriage
 
affranchi: freed slave
 
âge: age 
 
agrégation: addition, attachment, appointment, assignment
 
agriculteur: farmer
 
ainé: firstborn, oldest
 
ajournement: extension or postponement for a specified period of time
 
allemande(e): German
 
Altesse: an honorary title given to the kings, princes, and officials of the high court and to som eof the royal councils, highness
 
altitude: altitude
 
âme: soul, spirit
 
ami(e): friend
 
ancêtre: ancestor
 
ancien(ne): elderly
 
anglais: English
 
aniversaire: anniversary, birthday
 
année bissextile: leap year
 
année seculaire: the centenary years (1500,1600,1700, etc)
 
année: year
 
annexe: annex

annuaire: yearbook
 
annuel: annual
 
antérieur: former, previous
 
antique: old, ancient
 
août: August
 
apostolique: apostolic
 
apparaître: to appear
 
appendice: appendix
 
apprenti: apprentice
 
approbation: document establishing the proof of certainty of a fact, such as a proof of the nobility of a person's family
 
approximatif: approximate
 
après: after
 
après-midi: afternoon, late
 
arbre génalogique: genealogical tree, pedigree chart
 
arbre: tree
 
archevêché: archbishopric, ecclesiastical territory under the jurisdiction of an archbishop
 
archevêque: archbishop, the bishop of a metropolitan church to which other bishops are subordinate
 
archipresbytérat: land under jurisdiction of an archpriest composed of several parishes
 
archiprêtre: archpriest, a parish priest who also presides over several parish priests
 
archive: archives, place where records are kept, (office) files
 
argent: silver
 
armée: army, military
 
arrière: great (used in context family), for example- great grandpa is arrière-grand-père. Use arrière for ever great.
 
article: article
 
ascendance: ascendency, a series of ancestors
 
ascendant: andcestor
 
asile: asylum, shelter
 
assurance: safety, security, certainty, assurance, surety bond
 
asthme: asthma
 
auberge: hostel, shelter, inn
 
aubergiste: innkeeper
 
aucun: none, no one
 
aumône: alms
 
aumônerie: benefice or foundation subject to certain obligations; lay foundation without ecclesiastical intervention
 
aussi: also, too
 
automne: autumn
 
autre: other, another
 
avant tout: above all, first of all
 
avant: before
 
avantage: beneficence, charity, welfare organization or institution, charity organization
 
avec: with
 
avent: Advent, the four weeks preceding Christmas
 
aveugle: blind
 
avocat: lawyer
 
avril: April
 
awol: military, absent without leave​

abc


Letter B

bachellier: graduate of the equivalent of junior college in the United States; holder of a bachelor's degree, baccalaureate;
applied to priests who have graduated from the seminary
 
 
banc de nobless: seat in city council held by nobility
 
banque: bank, bench
 
baptême: baptism
 
baptiser: to baptize, to christian
 
bateau: boat, ship
 
bébé: baby, child
 
bénéfice simple: ecclesiastical sinecure
 
beaucoups: many, a lot​
 
beau-fils: stepson or son-in-law
 
beau-frère: step-brother or brother-in-law
 
beau-père: step-father or father-in-law
 
belle-fille: step-daughter or daughter-in-law
 
belle-mère: step-mother or mother-in-law
 
belle-sœur: step-sister or sister-in-law
 
bénédiction: blessing
 
benefice: benefit, profit
 
bétail: cattle
 
bibliothèque: library
 
bien(e): well, good
 
biens immobilier: real property
 
biens: properties, goods, fee
 
blanc(he): white
 
blé: wheat

boiteux: crippled, lame
 
bouche: mouth
 
boucher: butcher
 
boulanger: baker
 
bra: arm
 
brasseur: brewer

abc


Letter C

capitain général: captain general
 
capital: assests, principal of a trust fund
 
carte: map
 
cathédrale: cathedral
 
catolique: Catholic
 
cavalaire: military cavalry; knightly order, knighthood, rank and privileges of a knight
 
cela: that
 
célibataire: singel, unmarried, bachelor
 
celui-ci: this
 
cent: on hundred
 
centenaire: centennial
 
cérémonie du voile: vigil, watch, veiling ceremony of bride and groom in nuptial mass
 
certificate royal: royal decree
 
cerificate: certificate
 
certification: certification
 
chaire: the chair or seat of a bishop in his church
 
chambre: room
 
changer: to change, alterate
 
chapelain: a priest who has a chaplaincy, or says mass in a private chapel and who is paid by a trust fund or private individual to administer the affairs of said fund or individual
 
chapelle: chapel
 
charpentier: carpenter
 
chasseur/chasseuese: hunter
 
château: castle
 
chemin de fer: railroad
 
chevalier: nobleman; knight; member of a military order; gentleman
 
chose: thing, something
 
chrétien(ne): Christian
 
chroniquer: chronicler, historian
 
cimitière: cemetary
 
citoyen: citizen
 
classe: class, type, kind
 
clerc: clergyman
 
colonel: colonel (military)
 
colline: colony; hill
 
commerce: business, commerce
 
comme: as, how
 
commerce/ achat: trade/purchase
 
comte: count, ear
 
comté: earldom, courtship; county
 
comunauté: community
 
comunion: comunion
 
concernante: concerning
 
concièrge: doorman
 
confirmation: confirmation, affirmation; the religious sacrament of confirmation administered by the bishop
 
congrégation: congregation; assembly
 
conjoint (e): spous; partner, associate
 
connu: known; acquaintance
 
connu comme: known as
 
consacrer: dedicate
 
consanguinité: consanguinity, kinship, blood relationship
 
Conseil de Trete: Council of Trent
 
conseil: council
 
conseiller municipal: councilman
 
consentement: consent, compliance, acquiescence
 
consignation: consignment
 
consommation: consumption
 
constipation: constipation
 
contenu: contents
 
contract de mariage: marriage contract
 
contractant: contractin party, such as in a marriage
 
contrat d'aprentisage: contract of apprenticeship
 
contrat/ accord: agreement, contract, arrangement, settlement; agreement enforceable by law
 
contre: against
 
contribuable: taxable, tax payer
 
contribution: tax
 
convertion: conversion
 
convocation: designation, appointment, indication
 
convulsion: convulsion
 
copie litérale: literal or word-for-word copy
 
coqueluche: whooping cough
 
cordier: rope maker
 
cordillère: mountain range
 
cordonnier: shoemaker
 
corp: body, volume
 
corps: corporal (military)
 
courant: current, present
 
cousin(e): cousin
 
couvent: convent
 
credit immobilier: mortgage, pledge
 
créole: Creole
 
curé: parish priest, vicar



abc


Letter D

à droit: right
 
dans: within, inside, in
 
date: date
 
de cela: of the same (usually refers to previous wording, such as month and year
 
de plus: furthermore, besides, moreover
 
de: of, from, belonging to
 
décedé: deceased
 
décembre: December
 
décennie: decade
 
décès: death
 
déclaration: declaration, statement, affidavit
 
declaré: declared, stated
 
décret: decree
 
défenseur: defense, counsel
 
degré: degree, grade, rank
 
délégation: delegation (of power); group of delegates
 
délivrance: deliverance
 
demain: tomorrow
 
demande: demand, claim, petition, request, summons
 
demandeur: claimant, seeker, petitioner
 
demeure: dwelling
 
demeurer: to live (location)
 
dénonciation: accusation, denunciation
 
dent: tooth
 
dentition: teething
 
departament: district, department
 
dépeuplé: unpopulated
 
dépot: deposit, depository
 
depuis: since
 
député: deputy
 
derinier/ dernière: last
 
dernières volontés: last wishes; will that is dictated by a dying person before witnesses and in some cases the notary and is later recorded by the notary in his protocol​
 
derrière: behind
 
désaccord: disagreement
 
descendant: descendant
 
déscription: description
 
diarrhée: diarrhea
 
dictionaire géogragique: geographical dictionary
 
dictionaire: dictionary
 
digne: worthy
 
dimanche: Sunday
 
dîme: tithing
 
dirigeant: leader
 
discernement: judgement
 
dispensation apostolique: apostolic dispensation or grant given by a pope or bishop, depending upon it's nature
 
dispensation de sa santité: apostolic dispensation or grant given by a pope or bishop
 
distance: distance (from)
 
district: district
 
dit: stated, said, the above mentiond
 
divorce: divorce
 
divorcé: divorced

doctrine: doctrine, ritual
 
document: document
 
doigt: finger
 
domaine: domain
 
domestique: maid/ servant
 
domicilé à: residing in
 
domicile: dwelling, residence
 
don: donation, gift, grant
 
dossier/ documentation: written proceedings of a particular action; petition; file
 
dot: dowry, that property which a woman takes into marriage
 
dotation: endowment, dowry
 
droit: law
 
droit canonique: canon law
 
droit d'ainesse: family estate, entailed on the eldest son; a legal term indicating priority right to authority, inheritance, or succession
 
du nord: northern
 
duc: duke, title of honor which follows that of prince
 
du quel(le): whose
 
dysenterie: dysentery​


abc


Letter E

échange: exchange, barter, trade
 
éclésiastique: ecclesiastical
 
école: school
 
école notoriale: notarial college
 
écriture: writing, handwriting
 
égal: equal
 
élise: church
 
église Catolique: Catholic Church
 
elle: she
 
emancipation: emancipation, the act of freeing from servitude
 
embarquer: to board, to set sail
 
embaucher: marking
 
émigrant(e): emigrant
 
émigration: emigration, population movement, leaving one's native country to go and establish oneself in another country
 
empêchement: obstacle, hindrance, obstruction' impediment
 
empire: empire
 
employé(e): employee
 
en terre: on land
 
enceinte: pregnant
 
encore: still
 
endroit: place, site
 
enfant: infant, child
 
enfant trouvé: abandoned, foundling child
 
engagement: pledge, commitment, promise, engagement (to be married)
 
enqueter: investigating, researching, investigator
 
enrhumé: constipated; having a cold
 
ensemble: together
 
enterrement: burial, funeral, inerment
 
enterrer: buried
 
entreprise: business
 
environ: around, near, approximate
 
épidémie: epidemic​
 
épilepsie: epilepsy
 
épiscopal: of the bishop
 
époux/ épouse: husband/ wife, spouse
 
esclavage: slavery
 
esclave: slave
 
espagnol: Spanish
 
estomac: stomach
 
et: and
 
été: summer
 
étranger: foreigner, stranger
 
être: to be
 
être inscrit: to be written, recorded, or registered
 
évangélique: evangelical
 
examen: examination
 
exécuteur testamentaire: executor, person who oversees distribution of decendent's assets in accordance with last will and testament
 
exécuteur: executor
 
exemption: redemption, salvation
 
exhumation: exhumation, removal of a corpse from it's grave
 
expert(e): public appraiser
 
extérieur: outside the city walls
 
extrait: text/ extract
 
extrême onction: extreme unction, last rite (fith of the seven sacraments) administered to a gravely ill person, usually just before death


abc


Letter F

faiblesse: weakness, disability
 
fait: completed, done
 
familial: pertaining to a family; domestic
 
famille: family, all persons of the same blood, such as uncles, cousings, nephews, etc.
 
femelle: female
 
feminin: feminine
 
femme: woman; wife
 
ferme: farm, farmstead, estate, a rural establishment
 
feu: fire, hearth
 
feuille: leaf, sheet of paper, page of book
 
feuille de service: service record, document of an officer containing the personal and professional antecedents of government employees, used extensively in the military
 
feuiller de famille: family group sheet
 
fevrier: February
 
fiche: index cards, records
 
fiche de mariage: marriage proceeding or application
 
fichier: filing cabinet
 
fièvre typhoide: typhoid fever
 
foi: faith
 
fois: time, turn, occasion
 
fond: funds
 
fondation: foundation endowment
 
fontaine: fountain
 
forêt/ bois: forest, grove
 
forge: iron works
 
forgeron: blacksmithh
 
fornication: fornication, sexual union outside of the marriage contract where the persons involved are not married
 
forteresse: fortress, strength
 
foyer: home
 
français: French
 
fraternité: fraternity, congregation of brotherhood of religious individuals, guild, trade union
 
frère: brother
 
front: front, in front of 
 
frontière: border, frontier
 
futur: future
​ 


abc


Letter G

garçon: male, boy
 
garde: guard, warden, body of soldiers, keeper
 
gauche: left
 
généalogie: genealogy
 
général: (miliary) major
 
gens: people
 
gonflement: swelling
 
goutte: gout, drop
 
gouveneur: governor
 
gouvernement: government
 
grand(e): grand, great, large
 
grand-oncle: grand uncle, the brother of the grandparent
 
grande-tant: grand aunt, the sister of the grandparent
 
greffier/ greffière: notary; court clerk, judge's secretary
 
grippe: influenza
 
guide: guide, advisor, instructor, trainer
 
guilde: guild, society, association, brotherhood



abc


Letter H

habitant: inhabitant
 
hameau: hamlet
 
hémorragie: hemorrhage, bleeding

héraldique: heraldry
 
héritage: inheritance
 
héritier" heir
 
heure: hour
 
histoire: history
 
hiver: winter
 
holandais(e): Dutch
 
hommage: tribute, tax, respect
 
homme: man, husband
 
honêtte: honest
 
huile: oil
 
huile sacrée: holy oil
 
hydropexie: dropsy

 


abc


Letter I
 
il: he, him

il y a: there was, it's been
 
illégitime: illegitimate
 
ils/elles: they
 
immédiatement: immediately, promptly
 
immigrant(e): immigrant
 
immigration: immigration
 
immueble: building
 
imposable: taxable
 
in facie ecclesiae: Latin phrase meaning "before the church"; used in marriage documents to describe full church marriage
 
inconnu: unkown, unrecognized
 
inconvénint: disagreement
 
indemnité: indemnity
 
information: information, declaration of statement of fact
 
inhumation: burial
 
intestin: intestines
 
inventaire: inventory
 
italien(ne): Italian
 
italique: paleographic term, italic, cursive script 
 


abc


Letter J

jamais: never
 
jambe: leg
 
janvier: January
 
jardinier: gardener
 
je: I
 
jésuite: Jesuit
 
journalier:  day laborer
 
jour des rois: Day of the Kings or Magi, twelfth night, Januarey 6th
 
jeudi: Thursday
 
juge: judge, juryman
 
juif:  Jewish
 
juin: June
 
juillet: July
 
jumeau/jumelle: twins
 
juré: juryman
 
justice: justice, rightness, fairness; tribunal



abc


Letter L

la: the (feminine)
 
laboreur: ploughman, peasant, farmer
 
lac: lake
 
laitier: dairyman
 
langue: language, tongue
 
latitude: latitude
 
le: the (masculine)
 
le mien: mine
 
légal: legal
 
légitime: legitimate, lawful
 
le quel: which
 
les deux: both
 
liasse: bundle of losse papers that are usually tied together because they deal with common subject
 
liberation: exoneration, exemption from taxes or obligations
 
liberté: freedom
 
licencié: release; licensed, authorized
 
license/ diplôme: diploma; license (to practice a trade or profession)
 
lien: bond, tie, link
 
ligue: league
 
limite: boudary
 
liquidation: liquidation, winding up; liquidation of debts
 
liste: register, list, roster, roll, census
 
livre: book; weight measure
 
livre de famille: book of the family, often issued by the government for recording births, marriages and deaths
 
livres sacramentels: parish registers
 
l'œil: eye
 
loi: law
 
longitude: longitude
 
lundi: Monday


abc


Letter M

madame: lady, woman
 
magistrat royal: magistrate who, in the royal courts, heard and sentenced disputes and lawsuits
 
magistrature: judgeship
 
mai: May
 
main: hand
 
maire: mayor
 
mais: but; corn
 
maison: house
 
maladie: disease
 
male: male
 
mancipation: transfer of propery
 
mandat: draft, bill of exchange
 
manifestation: protest, protestation, declaration, affirmation, promis
 
manoir: manoir, villa, country house
 
manoir/ foyer ancestral: ancestral home, manor house
 
marchand: merchant
 
marchandise: wares, goods
 
marché: market
 
mardi: Tuesday
 
marge: margin
 
mari/ fiancé: groom, fiancé
 
mari: husband
 
mariage: marriage, wedding
 
marié(e): married
 
mariée/ fiancée: bride, fiancée
 
marin: sailor
 
marine: navy
 
maritime: maritime
 
marraine: godmother, a woman who assists in one of the sacraments of baptism, marriage, etc.
 
mars: March
 
masculin: masculine
 
maternal: maternal, pertaining to the mother's family
 
matrimonial: matrimonial, relating to marriage
 
Mer de Nord: the North Sea
 
Mer du Sud: the South Sea
 
mère: mother
 
médecin: doctor
 
membre: member
 
membre de famille: relative
 
meme: same
 
mémoire: memory, recollection; report; study, account
 
mendiant(e): beggar
 
mercredi: Wednesday
 
mérit: merit, accomplishments
 
messe: Mass
 
métier: occupation, job, work, craft
 
mile: mile
 
milice: (military) militia
 
militaire: pertaining to the military or to war; a person serving in the army
 
mille: thousand
 
mine: mine
 
mineur: miner
 
ministre: minister
 
minuit: midnight
 
moi: me, my
 
moin: monk
 
moins: less
 
mois: month
 
moitié: half
 
monastère: monastery
 
monsieur: sir, mister
 
montagne: mountain
 
morant: dying
 
morir: to die
 
mort: death, deceased
 
mort-né: stillborn
 
moulin: mill
 
muebles: furniture, household
 
muet(te): dumb, unable to speak
 
municipal: of or relating to the commune
 
municipalité: municipality, the territorial jurisdiction which includes the inhabitants governed by a town council


abc


Letter N

naissance: birth
 
naître: to be born
 
naîvre: ship; nave, aisle
 
natif/ native: native of, born in a given locality; born outside fo the marriage contract
 
nationalité: nationality, citizenship
 
né(e): born
 
nécessité:  necessity, need
 
nègre: negro, black or dark-skinned, native of various tribes of Africa
 
neveu: nephew
 
nez: nose
 
nièce: niece
 
no.= nombre: number
 
noble: noble, of noble blood, 
 
noblesse: nobility
 
nomname
 
nomination: appointment, election, nomination, comission
 
nommer: to elect or appoint; to name, to mention by name
 
non: no
 
nord: north
 
nord-est: northeast
 
nord-oeust: northwest
 
nous: we
 
notable: notable, noteworth, outstanding
 
notaire: notary
 
notre: our, ours, of ours
 
nouveau/ nouvelle: new
 
novembre: November​



abc


Letter O

obituare: obituary, book wherin are registered deaths and burial, section of death notices in the newspaper
 
obligation: obligation, responsibility, duty
 
observation: observation, comments, marginals= notes
 
occidental: western
 
octobre: october
 
offrande: offrande
 
offre: offering
 
oncle: uncle
 
or: gold
 
oreille: ear
 
orient: eastern
 
orphelin(e): orphan
 
orphelinat: orphanage
 
ou: or
 
: where
 
ouest: west
 
oui: yes
 
ouvrier: worker, laborer



abc


Letter P

palace: palace
 
palégraphie: paleography, study of ancient handwriting
 
papiers d'identité: military register of a soldier
 
par: by, for, through, along, over, by way of, via, around, about, in, at, multiplighed by
 
paragraphe: paragraph
 
paraÎtre: to appear, seem, look
 
parceque: because
 
pardon: pardon, forgiveness, grace, reprieve
 
parmi: between, among
 
paroisse: parish
 
parrain: godfather, a man who assists in one of the sacraments of baptism, marriage, etc. usually a friend or relative
 
parroise: parish, territory covered by the spiritual jurisdiction of a parish pries
 
parroissien: parishioner
 
part: part, fragment
 
passé: past
 
pasteur: pastor, minister, shepherd
 
pasturage: pasture land
 
paternel: paternal, from the father's line
 
patrimoine: inheritance
 
patron(ne): master, employer
 
pays: country
 
pêcheur: fisherman
 
péninsulaire: peninsular
 
père: father, priest
 
periode: end, finish, conclusion, time limit, term, period, space of time
 
périodique: periodic, periodical, newspaper
 
permi: permission, authority, leave
 
permission: permission
 
peste: plague
 
petit-enfant: grandchild
 
petite-fille: granddaughter
 
petit-fils: grandson
 
pétition: petition, request
 
petits-enfants: grandchildren
 
peuplé: populated, town, village
 
peut-être: maybe
 
pg.= page: page
 
pied: foot, length measurement 
 
place: main square of a town; office, position
 
pleine: pregnant
 
plus:  more
 
plus grand: larger
 
plus jeune: smaller, youngest
 
pneumonie: pneumonia
 
polonais: Polish
 
pont: bridge
 
population: population
 
porqoui: why
 
port: port
 
portrait: portrait
 
portugais: Portuguese
 
possession: possession, property, estate
 
posture: posture, position, attitude
 
pouce: thumb; length measurements, inch
 
poumon: lung
 
pour: for, to
 
prélat: prelate, ecclesiastical dignitary
 
premier/ première: first
 
prénom: given or christian name, first name
 
près: next
 
près de: next to
 
présent: present
 
président: head or leader of the courst
 
prêtre: priest
 
preuve: (law) proof, evidence
 
prévu: anticipated
 
prier: to pray
 
prière: prayer

printemps: spring
 
prison: jail, prison, penitentiary
 
privilège: privilege, grant, concession
 
procès: lawsuit, suit, court or judicial action or proceedings
 
proche: near, close, approximate
 
procureur: prosecuter, local city attorney
 
professeur: professeur, teacher
 
profession: profession
 
promesse: promise, offer, vow, pledge
 
promis: betrothed
 
propriété: property, land
 
propriètaire: owner, proprietor
 
protestant(e): Protestant
 
protester: protest; declaration
​​​​​​​​ 


abc


Letter Q

quotidien: daily
 
quadruplé: quadruplets
 
quand: when
 
que: that/ what
 
qui: who, whom



abc


Letter R

recensement: census of population; official register of citizens having the right to vote
 
réception: reception, receiving
 
recherche: research
 
réclamation: clain, demand
 
récolte: harvest
 
récompense: recognition, admission, acknowledgment
 
reçu: receipt
 
réduction: reduction
 
regarder: look at
 
régiment: military unit headed by a colonel
 
région: region, province, territorial division
 
registre: register, record, record book
 
registre civil: civil registry
 
règlament: regulation
 
règne: reign
 
reine: queen
 
religieux: religious
 
réligion: religion
 
renonciation: renunciation
 
répudiation: repudiation
 
résidence: residence
 
résident: resident
 
retraité: retired
 
retraite: retirement
 
revenu: revenue, income
 
révocation: revocation
 
revue: review
 
rite: rite
 
rivière: river
 
roi: king
 
rouge: red
 
rougeole: measles
 
route/autoroute: highway
 
royal: royal, or pertaining to the Crown
 
royaume: kingdom
 
rue: street
 
ruelle: alley, small street
 
ruisseau: stream
 
russe: Russian​



abc


Letter S

sacrament: sacrament, one of several religious rites or symbols 
 
sacré: sacred, hold
 
sacristain: sacristan, sexton, the individual who took care of the ecclesiastical cemeteries
 
sage femme: midwife
 
saignement: bleeding
 
saint(e): holy, saintly, hallowed, sacred, blesse
 
Sainte Cène: the Eucharist, holy sacrament 
 
saison: season
 
salaire: salary, wages
 
salle: parlor, hall, lounge, salon
 
samedi: Saturday
 
scarlatine: scarlet fever
 
se marier: to marry
 
second(e): second, secondary
 
secrétaire: secretary, notary office, court clerkship
 
séculier: secular
 
sécurité: security, safe, steady
 
semaine: week
 
séparation: division, partition, separation
 
séparé: separate
 
septembre: September
 
sépulcre: grave, sepulchre
 
sergent: sargent
 
serment: oath
 
serrurier: locksmith
 
servant(e): servant. see also domestique
 
service: service
 
seule: only
 
sexe: sex, gender
 
si: if, whether
 
siècle: century
 
sien:  theirs
 
signature: signature
 
situation: location, situation
 
situé: located
 
société: society
 
soldat: soldier, private (military)
 
soldate: female soldier
 
solennement: solemnly
 
son/sa/ses: his hers, theirs
 
soudain: suddenly
 
sourd: deaf
 
sousigné: written hereafter, signed, undersigned person
 
souvent: often
 
st(e)= saint(e): saint
 
subrogation: subrogation, substitution
 
subséquent: susequent
 
substitution: substitution
 
sud: south
 
sud-est: southeast
 
sud-oeust: southwest
 
suédois(e): Swedish
 
suffragant: suffragan, one who is under the jurisdiction or authority of another
 
suisse: Swiss
 
sujet: subject, used to introduce a new fact or statement
 
sur: about, concerning; above
 
surnom: surname, nickname, last name
 
survivant: surviving



abc


Letter T

tailleur: tailor
 
tanneur: tanner, leather worker
 
tante: aunt
 
taxe: tax
 
teinteur: dyer
 
témoin: witness
 
témoinage: testimony
 
temp: time
 
terme: tem, periode of time
 
terrain: tract of land, field
 
territoire: territory
 
testament: will, a document in which one declares his last will and in which he disposes of his property and makes other arrangements for after his death. 
 
tête: head
 
tisserand: weaver
 
titre de noblesse: nobiliary, peerage liste, pertaining to the nobility
 
titre: title, name, caption heading
 
tombe: tomb, grave
 
tonnelier: cooper
 
tôt: early
 
toujours: slways
 
tout: all, everyone
 
toux: cough
 
traduction: translation
 
transaction: transaction, negotiation, settlement, agreement, compromise
 
travailleur: worker, laborer
 
tribunal: court, local court, tribunal court
 
trinité: trinity
 
triplés: triplets
 
tuberculose: tuberculosis
 
tumeur: tumor
 
tutelle: fuardianship, the authority conferred by law to an individual to care for the fortune and at times the person of a minor



abc


Letter U

un(e): one
 
université: university
 
usin: factory; construction; church property funds
 
ut supra: (latin) as above



abc


Letter V

vallée: valley
 
variole: smallpox
 
veille: vigil, the eve of a festival or holy day
 
vendre: to sell
 
vendredi: Friday
 
vente: sale, sell
 
vent réelle: sale of real property
 
vert: green
 
veuf/veuve: widower, widow, widowed
 
viatique: sacrament of the Eucharist administered to the sick in danger of death
 
vicaire: vicar
 
vicariat: vicarage; the territory over which a vicar presides
 
vicomte(sse): viscount, a title of noility
 
vice-roi: viceroy
 
vice-royauté: viceroyalte
 
vieillesse: old age
 
vieilli: elderly
 
viex/vieille: old
 
vignoble: vineyard
 
village: town, vilage
 
ville: city, town
 
visage: face, countenance
 
visite: visit, call, inspection
 
vivant(e): alive
 
vivre: to live
 
voilé: veiled
 
voisin(e): neighbor
 
voisinage:neighborhood
 
volume: volume


abc


NUMBERS 
un(e): one
 
deux: two
 
trois:  three
 
quatre: four
 
cinq: five
 
six: six
 
sept: seven
 
huit: eight
 
neuf: nine
 
dix: ten
 
onze: eleven
 
douze: twelve
 
treize: thirteen
 
quatorze: fourteen
 
quinze: fifteen
 
seize: sixteen
 
dix-sept: seventeen
 
dix-huit: eighteen
 
dix-neuf: nineteen
 
veingt: twenty
 
trente: thirty
 
quarante: forty
 
cinquante: fifty
 
soixant: sixty
 
soixant-dix: seventy
 
quatre-veingt: eighty
 
quatre-veingt-dix: ninety
​ 
cent: one hundred

*For numbers between 21-99 add numbers to the end. i.e. trente-et-un (31), quarante-cinq (45), quatre-veingt-deux (82). for 70-79 and 90-99 add the numbers 10-19 to the end. i.e. soixante-douze (72), quatre-veingt-treize (93), soixante-dix-sept (77), quatre-veingt-dix-huit (98).*


abc


VERBS

                       avoir- to have
j'ai-  I have                            nous avons-  we have
tu as-  you have                    vous avez-  you (formal/plural) have
il/elle a-   he/she has            ils/elles ont-  they have
 
                         être- to be                       
je suis-  I am                          nous​ sommes- we are
tu es- you are                        vous êtes- you (formal/plural) are
il/elle est-   he/she is             ils/elles sont-  they have
 
                    faire- to do/make
je​ fais- I make                       nous faisons- we make
tu fais- you make                  vous faisez- you (formal/plural) make
il/elle fait- he/she makes       ils/elles font- they make
 
*If the verbs avoir and être are conjugated in front of another verb, this idicates past tense*


abc


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