GENEALOGICAL GLOSSARY

LIST OF WORDS USED IN GENEALOGICAL RECORDS


Click on each letter to see the list of genealogical terms. 

A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - #'S ​ - VERBS



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ONLINE DICTIONARIES

Because language is constantly changing and many words used in old records could have a different meaning from the common meaning used today, dictionaries from earlier years or centuries are a great resource for the researchers. For access to several historical dictionaries combined and cross-referenced in a single website​ see https://www.lexilogos.com/francais_dictionnaire.htm






Letter A
    ​​
à la fois: both​
 
abbaye: abbey
 
abcès: abscess
 
abris: protection, shelter; security, voucher; frontier customs guard
 
absent: absent; absentee, missing person
 
acceptation: acceptance; approval; approbation
 
accord: agreement, covenant, pact
 
accorder: to set forth, establish, offer, grant, stipulate or promise something usually used when the notary is preparing the actual document
 
accouchement: labor, birth
 
acre: acre
 
acte: act, certificate, document, record, official act
 
adjoint(e): assistant, deputy, substitute
 
adjoint: adjoining
 
administration: administration
 
adopté: adopted
 
adultère: adultery, violation of the marriage vows
 
advantage de délibérer: (law) opportunity of deliberation in which the heir can postpone acceptance of inheritance until inventory has been made
 
affinité: relation by marriage
 
affranchi: freed slave
 
âge: age
 
agrégation: addition, attachment, appointment, assignment
 
agriculteur: farmer
 
ainé: firstborn, oldest
 
ajournement: extension or postponement for a specified period of time
 
allemande(e): German
 
Altesse: an honorary title given to the kings, princes, and officials of the high court and to som eof the royal councils, 
highness
 
altitude: altitude
 
âme: soul, spirit
 
ami(e): friend
 
 
ancêtre: ancestor
 
ancien(ne): elderly
 
anglais: English
 
aniversaire: anniversary, birthday
 
année bissextile: leap year
 
année seculaire: the centenary years (1500,1600,1700, etc)
 
année: year
 
annexe: annex

annuaire: yearbook
 
annuel: annual
 
antérieur: former, previous
 
antique: old, ancient
 
août: August
 
apostolique: apostolic
 
apparaître: to appear
 
appendice: appendix
 
apprenti: apprentice
 
approbation: document establishing the proof of certainty of a fact, such as a proof of the nobility of a person's family
 
approximatif: approximate
 
après: after
 
après-midi: afternoon, late
 
arbre génalogique: genealogical tree, pedigree chart
 
arbre: tree
 
archevêché: archbishopric, ecclesiastical territory under the jurisdiction of an archbishop
 
archevêque: archbishop, the bishop of a metropolitan church to which other bishops are subordinate
 
archipresbytérat: land under jurisdiction of an archpriest composed of several parishes
 
archiprêtre: archpriest, a parish priest who also presides over several parish priests
 
archive: archives, place where records are kept, (office) files
 
argent: silver
 
armée: army, military
 
arrière: great (used in context family), for example- great grandpa is arrière-grand-père. Use arrière for ever great.
 
article: article
 
ascendance: ascendency, a series of ancestors
 
ascendant: andcestor
 
asile: asylum, shelter
 
assurance: safety, security, certainty, assurance, surety bond
 
asthme: asthma
 
auberge: hostel, shelter, inn
 
aubergiste: innkeeper
 
aucun: none, no one
 
aumône: alms
 
aumônerie: benefice or foundation subject to certain obligations; lay foundation without ecclesiastical intervention
 
aussi: also, too
 
automne: autumn
 
autre: other, another
 
avant tout: above all, first of all
 
avant: before
 
avantage: beneficence, charity, welfare organization or institution, charity organization
 
avec: with
 
avent: Advent, the four weeks preceding Christmas
 
aveugle: blind
 
avocat: lawyer
 
avril: April
 
awol: military, absent without leave​

abc


Letter B

bachellier: graduate of the equivalent of junior college in the United States; holder of a bachelor's degree, baccalaureate;
applied to priests who have graduated from the seminary
 
 
banc de nobless: seat in city council held by nobility
 
banque: bank, bench
 
baptême: baptism
 
baptiser: to baptize, to christian
 
bateau: boat, ship
 
bébé: baby, child
 
bénéfice simple: ecclesiastical sinecure
 
beaucoups: many, a lot​
 
beau-fils: stepson or son-in-law
 
beau-frère: step-brother or brother-in-law
 
beau-père: step-father or father-in-law
 
belle-fille: step-daughter or daughter-in-law
 
belle-mère: step-mother or mother-in-law
 
belle-sœur: step-sister or sister-in-law
 
bénédiction: blessing
 
benefice: benefit, profit
 
bétail: cattle
 
bibliothèque: library
 
bien(e): well, good
 
biens immobilier: real property
 
biens: properties, goods, fee
 
blanc(he): white
 
blé: wheat

boiteux: crippled, lame
 
bouche: mouth
 
boucher: butcher
 
boulanger: baker
 
bra: arm
 
brasseur: brewer

abc


Letter C

capitain général: captain general
 
capital: assests, principal of a trust fund
 
carte: map
 
cathédrale: cathedral
 
catolique: Catholic
 
cavalaire: military cavalry; knightly order, knighthood, rank and privileges of a knight
 
cela: that
 
célibataire: singel, unmarried, bachelor
 
celui-ci: this
 
cent: on hundred
 
centenaire: centennial
 
cérémonie du voile: vigil, watch, veiling ceremony of bride and groom in nuptial mass
 
certificate royal: royal decree
 
cerificate: certificate
 
certification: certification
 
chaire: the chair or seat of a bishop in his church
 
chambre: room
 
changer: to change, alterate
 
chapelain: a priest who has a chaplaincy, or says mass in a private chapel and who is paid by a trust fund or private individual to administer the affairs of said fund or individual
 
chapelle: chapel
 
charpentier: carpenter
 
chasseur/chasseuese: hunter
 
château: castle
 
chemin de fer: railroad
 
chevalier: nobleman; knight; member of a military order; gentleman
 
chose: thing, something
 
chrétien(ne): Christian
 
chroniquer: chronicler, historian
 
cimitière: cemetary
 
citoyen: citizen
 
classe: class, type, kind
 
clerc: clergyman
 
colonel: colonel (military)
 
colline: colony; hill
 
commerce: business, commerce
 
comme: as, how
 
commerce/ achat: trade/purchase
 
comte: count, ear
 
comté: earldom, courtship; county
 
comunauté: community
 
comunion: comunion
 
concernante: concerning
 
concièrge: doorman
 
confirmation: confirmation, affirmation; the religious sacrament of confirmation administered by the bishop
 
congrégation: congregation; assembly
 
conjoint (e): spous; partner, associate
 
connu: known; acquaintance
 
connu comme: known as
 
consacrer: dedicate
 
consanguinité: consanguinity, kinship, blood relationship
 
Conseil de Trete: Council of Trent
 
conseil: council
 
conseiller municipal: councilman
 
consentement: consent, compliance, acquiescence
 
consignation: consignment
 
consommation: consumption
 
constipation: constipation
 
contenu: contents
 
contract de mariage: marriage contract
 
contractant: contractin party, such as in a marriage
 
contrat d'aprentisage: contract of apprenticeship
 
contrat/ accord: agreement, contract, arrangement, settlement; agreement enforceable by law
 
contre: against
 
contribuable: taxable, tax payer
 
contribution: tax
 
convertion: conversion
 
convocation: designation, appointment, indication
 
convulsion: convulsion
 
copie litérale: literal or word-for-word copy
 
coqueluche: whooping cough
 
cordier: rope maker
 
cordillère: mountain range
 
cordonnier: shoemaker
 
corp: body, volume
 
corps: corporal (military)
 
courant: current, present
 
cousin(e): cousin
 
couvent: convent
 
credit immobilier: mortgage, pledge
 
créole: Creole
 
curé: parish priest, vicar



abc


Letter D

à droit: right
 
dans: within, inside, in
 
date: date
 
de cela: of the same (usually refers to previous wording, such as month and year
 
de plus: furthermore, besides, moreover
 
de: of, from, belonging to
 
décedé: deceased
 
décembre: December
 
décennie: decade
 
décès: death
 
déclaration: declaration, statement, affidavit
 
declaré: declared, stated
 
décret: decree
 
défenseur: defense, counsel
 
degré: degree, grade, rank
 
délégation: delegation (of power); group of delegates
 
délivrance: deliverance
 
demain: tomorrow
 
demande: demand, claim, petition, request, summons
 
demandeur: claimant, seeker, petitioner
 
demeure: dwelling
 
demeurer: to live (location)
 
dénonciation: accusation, denunciation
 
dent: tooth
 
dentition: teething
 
departament: district, department
 
dépeuplé: unpopulated
 
dépot: deposit, depository
 
depuis: since
 
député: deputy
 
derinier/ dernière: last
 
dernières volontés: last wishes; will that is dictated by a dying person before witnesses and in some cases the notary and is later recorded by the notary in his protocol​
 
derrière: behind
 
désaccord: disagreement
 
descendant: descendant
 
déscription: description
 
diarrhée: diarrhea
 
dictionaire géogragique: geographical dictionary
 
dictionaire: dictionary
 
digne: worthy
 
dimanche: Sunday
 
dîme: tithing
 
dirigeant: leader
 
discernement: judgement
 
dispensation apostolique: apostolic dispensation or grant given by a pope or bishop, depending upon it's nature
 
dispensation de sa santité: apostolic dispensation or grant given by a pope or bishop
 
distance: distance (from)
 
district: district
 
dit: stated, said, the above mentiond
 
divorce: divorce
 
divorcé: divorced

doctrine: doctrine, ritual
 
document: document
 
doigt: finger
 
domaine: domain
 
domestique: maid/ servant
 
domicilé à: residing in
 
domicile: dwelling, residence
 
don: donation, gift, grant
 
dossier/ documentation: written proceedings of a particular action; petition; file
 
dot: dowry, that property which a woman takes into marriage
 
dotation: endowment, dowry
 
droit: law
 
droit canonique: canon law
 
droit d'ainesse: family estate, entailed on the eldest son; a legal term indicating priority right to authority, inheritance, or succession
 
du nord: northern
 
duc: duke, title of honor which follows that of prince
 
du quel(le): whose
 
dysenterie: dysentery​


abc


Letter E

échange: exchange, barter, trade
 
éclésiastique: ecclesiastical
 
école: school
 
école notoriale: notarial college
 
écriture: writing, handwriting
 
égal: equal
 
élise: church
 
église Catolique: Catholic Church
 
elle: she
 
emancipation: emancipation, the act of freeing from servitude
 
embarquer: to board, to set sail
 
embaucher: marking
 
émigrant(e): emigrant
 
émigration: emigration, population movement, leaving one's native country to go and establish oneself in another country
 
empêchement: obstacle, hindrance, obstruction' impediment
 
empire: empire
 
employé(e): employee
 
en terre: on land
 
enceinte: pregnant
 
encore: still
 
endroit: place, site
 
enfant: infant, child
 
enfant trouvé: abandoned, foundling child
 
engagement: pledge, commitment, promise, engagement (to be married)
 
enqueter: investigating, researching, investigator
 
enrhumé: constipated; having a cold
 
ensemble: together
 
enterrement: burial, funeral, inerment
 
enterrer: buried
 
entreprise: business
 
environ: around, near, approximate
 
épidémie: epidemic​
 
épilepsie: epilepsy
 
épiscopal: of the bishop
 
époux/ épouse: husband/ wife, spouse
 
esclavage: slavery
 
esclave: slave
 
espagnol: Spanish
 
estomac: stomach
 
et: and
 
été: summer
 
étranger: foreigner, stranger
 
être: to be
 
être inscrit: to be written, recorded, or registered
 
évangélique: evangelical
 
examen: examination
 
exécuteur testamentaire: executor, person who oversees distribution of decendent's assets in accordance with last will and testament
 
exécuteur: executor
 
exemption: redemption, salvation
 
exhumation: exhumation, removal of a corpse from it's grave
 
expert(e): public appraiser
 
extérieur: outside the city walls
 
extrait: text/ extract
 
extrême onction: extreme unction, last rite (fith of the seven sacraments) administered to a gravely ill person, usually just before death


abc


Letter F

faiblesse: weakness, disability
 
fait: completed, done
 
familial: pertaining to a family; domestic
 
famille: family, all persons of the same blood, such as uncles, cousings, nephews, etc.
 
femelle: female
 
feminin: feminine
 
femme: woman; wife
 
ferme: farm, farmstead, estate, a rural establishment
 
feu: fire, hearth
 
feuille: leaf, sheet of paper, page of book
 
feuille de service: service record, document of an officer containing the personal and professional antecedents of government employees, used extensively in the military
 
feuiller de famille: family group sheet
 
fevrier: February
 
fiche: index cards, records
 
fiche de mariage: marriage proceeding or application
 
fichier: filing cabinet
 
fièvre typhoide: typhoid fever
 
foi: faith
 
fois: time, turn, occasion
 
fond: funds
 
fondation: foundation endowment
 
fontaine: fountain
 
forêt/ bois: forest, grove
 
forge: iron works
 
forgeron: blacksmithh
 
fornication: fornication, sexual union outside of the marriage contract where the persons involved are not married
 
forteresse: fortress, strength
 
foyer: home
 
français: French
 
fraternité: fraternity, congregation of brotherhood of religious individuals, guild, trade union
 
frère: brother
 
front: front, in front of 
 
frontière: border, frontier
 
futur: future
​ 


abc


Letter G

garçon: male, boy
 
garde: guard, warden, body of soldiers, keeper
 
gauche: left
 
généalogie: genealogy
 
général: (miliary) major
 
gens: people
 
gonflement: swelling
 
goutte: gout, drop
 
gouveneur: governor
 
gouvernement: government
 
grand(e): grand, great, large
 
grand-oncle: grand uncle, the brother of the grandparent
 
grande-tant: grand aunt, the sister of the grandparent
 
greffier/ greffière: notary; court clerk, judge's secretary
 
grippe: influenza
 
guide: guide, advisor, instructor, trainer
 
guilde: guild, society, association, brotherhood



abc


Letter H

habitant: inhabitant
 
hameau: hamlet
 
hémorragie: hemorrhage, bleeding

héraldique: heraldry
 
héritage: inheritance
 
héritier" heir
 
heure: hour
 
histoire: history
 
hiver: winter
 
holandais(e): Dutch
 
hommage: tribute, tax, respect
 
homme: man, husband
 
honêtte: honest
 
huile: oil
 
huile sacrée: holy oil
 
hydropexie: dropsy

 


abc


Letter I
 
il: he, him

il y a: there was, it's been
 
illégitime: illegitimate
 
ils/elles: they
 
immédiatement: immediately, promptly
 
immigrant(e): immigrant
 
immigration: immigration
 
immueble: building
 
imposable: taxable
 
in facie ecclesiae: Latin phrase meaning "before the church"; used in marriage documents to describe full church marriage
 
inconnu: unkown, unrecognized
 
inconvénint: disagreement
 
indemnité: indemnity
 
information: information, declaration of statement of fact
 
inhumation: burial
 
intestin: intestines
 
inventaire: inventory
 
italien(ne): Italian
 
italique: paleographic term, italic, cursive script 
 


abc


Letter J

jamais: never
 
jambe: leg
 
janvier: January
 
jardinier: gardener
 
je: I
 
jésuite: Jesuit
 
journalier:  day laborer
 
jour des rois: Day of the Kings or Magi, twelfth night, Januarey 6th
 
jeudi: Thursday
 
juge: judge, juryman
 
juif:  Jewish
 
juin: June
 
juillet: July
 
jumeau/jumelle: twins
 
juré: juryman
 
justice: justice, rightness, fairness; tribunal



abc


Letter L

la: the (feminine)
 
laboreur: ploughman, peasant, farmer
 
lac: lake
 
laitier: dairyman
 
langue: language, tongue
 
latitude: latitude
 
le: the (masculine)
 
le mien: mine
 
légal: legal
 
légitime: legitimate, lawful
 
le quel: which
 
les deux: both
 
liasse: bundle of losse papers that are usually tied together because they deal with common subject
 
liberation: exoneration, exemption from taxes or obligations
 
liberté: freedom
 
licencié: release; licensed, authorized
 
license/ diplôme: diploma; license (to practice a trade or profession)
 
lien: bond, tie, link
 
ligue: league
 
limite: boudary
 
liquidation: liquidation, winding up; liquidation of debts
 
liste: register, list, roster, roll, census
 
livre: book; weight measure
 
livre de famille: book of the family, often issued by the government for recording births, marriages and deaths
 
livres sacramentels: parish registers
 
l'œil: eye
 
loi: law
 
longitude: longitude
 
lundi: Monday


abc


Letter M

madame: lady, woman
 
magistrat royal: magistrate who, in the royal courts, heard and sentenced disputes and lawsuits
 
magistrature: judgeship
 
mai: May
 
main: hand
 
maire: mayor
 
mais: but; corn
 
maison: house
 
maladie: disease
 
male: male
 
mancipation: transfer of propery
 
mandat: draft, bill of exchange
 
manifestation: protest, protestation, declaration, affirmation, promis
 
manoir: manoir, villa, country house
 
manoir/ foyer ancestral: ancestral home, manor house
 
marchand: merchant
 
marchandise: wares, goods
 
marché: market
 
mardi: Tuesday
 
marge: margin
 
mari/ fiancé: groom, fiancé
 
mari: husband
 
mariage: marriage, wedding
 
marié(e): married
 
mariée/ fiancée: bride, fiancée
 
marin: sailor
 
marine: navy
 
maritime: maritime
 
marraine: godmother, a woman who assists in one of the sacraments of baptism, marriage, etc.
 
mars: March
 
masculin: masculine
 
maternal: maternal, pertaining to the mother's family
 
matrimonial: matrimonial, relating to marriage
 
Mer de Nord: the North Sea
 
Mer du Sud: the South Sea
 
mère: mother
 
médecin: doctor
 
membre: member
 
membre de famille: relative
 
meme: same
 
mémoire: memory, recollection; report; study, account
 
mendiant(e): beggar
 
mercredi: Wednesday
 
mérit: merit, accomplishments
 
messe: Mass
 
métier: occupation, job, work, craft
 
mile: mile
 
milice: (military) militia
 
militaire: pertaining to the military or to war; a person serving in the army
 
mille: thousand
 
mine: mine
 
mineur: miner
 
ministre: minister
 
minuit: midnight
 
moi: me, my
 
moin: monk
 
moins: less
 
mois: month
 
moitié: half
 
monastère: monastery
 
monsieur: sir, mister
 
montagne: mountain
 
morant: dying
 
morir: to die
 
mort: death, deceased
 
mort-né: stillborn
 
moulin: mill
 
muebles: furniture, household
 
muet(te): dumb, unable to speak
 
municipal: of or relating to the commune
 
municipalité: municipality, the territorial jurisdiction which includes the inhabitants governed by a town council


abc


Letter N

naissance: birth
 
naître: to be born
 
naîvre: ship; nave, aisle
 
natif/ native: native of, born in a given locality; born outside fo the marriage contract
 
nationalité: nationality, citizenship
 
né(e): born
 
nécessité:  necessity, need
 
nègre: negro, black or dark-skinned, native of various tribes of Africa
 
neveu: nephew
 
nez: nose
 
nièce: niece
 
no.= nombre: number
 
noble: noble, of noble blood, 
 
noblesse: nobility
 
nomname
 
nomination: appointment, election, nomination, comission
 
nommer: to elect or appoint; to name, to mention by name
 
non: no
 
nord: north
 
nord-est: northeast
 
nord-oeust: northwest
 
nous: we
 
notable: notable, noteworth, outstanding
 
notaire: notary
 
notre: our, ours, of ours
 
nouveau/ nouvelle: new
 
novembre: November​



abc


Letter O

obituare: obituary, book wherin are registered deaths and burial, section of death notices in the newspaper
 
obligation: obligation, responsibility, duty
 
observation: observation, comments, marginals= notes
 
occidental: western
 
octobre: october
 
offrande: offrande
 
offre: offering
 
oncle: uncle
 
or: gold
 
oreille: ear
 
orient: eastern
 
orphelin(e): orphan
 
orphelinat: orphanage
 
ou: or
 
: where
 
ouest: west
 
oui: yes
 
ouvrier: worker, laborer



abc


Letter P

palace: palace
 
palégraphie: paleography, study of ancient handwriting
 
papiers d'identité: military register of a soldier
 
par: by, for, through, along, over, by way of, via, around, about, in, at, multiplighed by
 
paragraphe: paragraph
 
paraÎtre: to appear, seem, look
 
parceque: because
 
pardon: pardon, forgiveness, grace, reprieve
 
parmi: between, among
 
paroisse: parish
 
parrain: godfather, a man who assists in one of the sacraments of baptism, marriage, etc. usually a friend or relative
 
parroise: parish, territory covered by the spiritual jurisdiction of a parish pries
 
parroissien: parishioner
 
part: part, fragment
 
passé: past
 
pasteur: pastor, minister, shepherd
 
pasturage: pasture land
 
paternel: paternal, from the father's line
 
patrimoine: inheritance
 
patron(ne): master, employer
 
pays: country
 
pêcheur: fisherman
 
péninsulaire: peninsular
 
père: father, priest
 
periode: end, finish, conclusion, time limit, term, period, space of time
 
périodique: periodic, periodical, newspaper
 
permi: permission, authority, leave
 
permission: permission
 
peste: plague
 
petit-enfant: grandchild
 
petite-fille: granddaughter
 
petit-fils: grandson
 
pétition: petition, request
 
petits-enfants: grandchildren
 
peuplé: populated, town, village
 
peut-être: maybe
 
pg.= page: page
 
pied: foot, length measurement 
 
place: main square of a town; office, position
 
pleine: pregnant
 
plus:  more
 
plus grand: larger
 
plus jeune: smaller, youngest
 
pneumonie: pneumonia
 
polonais: Polish
 
pont: bridge
 
population: population
 
porqoui: why
 
port: port
 
portrait: portrait
 
portugais: Portuguese
 
possession: possession, property, estate
 
posture: posture, position, attitude
 
pouce: thumb; length measurements, inch
 
poumon: lung
 
pour: for, to
 
prélat: prelate, ecclesiastical dignitary
 
premier/ première: first
 
prénom: given or christian name, first name
 
près: next
 
près de: next to
 
présent: present
 
président: head or leader of the courst
 
prêtre: priest
 
preuve: (law) proof, evidence
 
prévu: anticipated
 
prier: to pray
 
prière: prayer

printemps: spring
 
prison: jail, prison, penitentiary
 
privilège: privilege, grant, concession
 
procès: lawsuit, suit, court or judicial action or proceedings
 
proche: near, close, approximate
 
procureur: prosecuter, local city attorney
 
professeur: professeur, teacher
 
profession: profession
 
promesse: promise, offer, vow, pledge
 
promis: betrothed
 
propriété: property, land
 
propriètaire: owner, proprietor
 
protestant(e): Protestant
 
protester: protest; declaration
​​​​​​​​ 


abc


Letter Q

quotidien: daily
 
quadruplé: quadruplets
 
quand: when
 
que: that/ what
 
qui: who, whom



abc


Letter R

recensement: census of population; official register of citizens having the right to vote
 
réception: reception, receiving
 
recherche: research
 
réclamation: clain, demand
 
récolte: harvest
 
récompense: recognition, admission, acknowledgment
 
reçu: receipt
 
réduction: reduction
 
regarder: look at
 
régiment: military unit headed by a colonel
 
région: region, province, territorial division
 
registre: register, record, record book
 
registre civil: civil registry
 
règlament: regulation
 
règne: reign
 
reine: queen
 
religieux: religious
 
réligion: religion
 
renonciation: renunciation
 
répudiation: repudiation
 
résidence: residence
 
résident: resident
 
retraité: retired
 
retraite: retirement
 
revenu: revenue, income
 
révocation: revocation
 
revue: review
 
rite: rite
 
rivière: river
 
roi: king
 
rouge: red
 
rougeole: measles
 
route/autoroute: highway
 
royal: royal, or pertaining to the Crown
 
royaume: kingdom
 
rue: street
 
ruelle: alley, small street
 
ruisseau: stream
 
russe: Russian​



abc


Letter S

sacrament: sacrament, one of several religious rites or symbols 
 
sacré: sacred, hold
 
sacristain: sacristan, sexton, the individual who took care of the ecclesiastical cemeteries
 
sage femme: midwife
 
saignement: bleeding
 
saint(e): holy, saintly, hallowed, sacred, blesse
 
Sainte Cène: the Eucharist, holy sacrament 
 
saison: season
 
salaire: salary, wages
 
salle: parlor, hall, lounge, salon
 
samedi: Saturday
 
scarlatine: scarlet fever
 
se marier: to marry
 
second(e): second, secondary
 
secrétaire: secretary, notary office, court clerkship
 
séculier: secular
 
sécurité: security, safe, steady
 
semaine: week
 
séparation: division, partition, separation
 
séparé: separate
 
septembre: September
 
sépulcre: grave, sepulchre
 
sergent: sargent
 
serment: oath
 
serrurier: locksmith
 
servant(e): servant. see also domestique
 
service: service
 
seule: only
 
sexe: sex, gender
 
si: if, whether
 
siècle: century
 
sien:  theirs
 
signature: signature
 
situation: location, situation
 
situé: located
 
société: society
 
soldat: soldier, private (military)
 
soldate: female soldier
 
solennement: solemnly
 
son/sa/ses: his hers, theirs
 
soudain: suddenly
 
sourd: deaf
 
sousigné: written hereafter, signed, undersigned person
 
souvent: often
 
st(e)= saint(e): saint
 
subrogation: subrogation, substitution
 
subséquent: susequent
 
substitution: substitution
 
sud: south
 
sud-est: southeast
 
sud-oeust: southwest
 
suédois(e): Swedish
 
suffragant: suffragan, one who is under the jurisdiction or authority of another
 
suisse: Swiss
 
sujet: subject, used to introduce a new fact or statement
 
sur: about, concerning; above
 
surnom: surname, nickname, last name
 
survivant: surviving



abc


Letter T

tailleur: tailor
 
tanneur: tanner, leather worker
 
tante: aunt
 
taxe: tax
 
teinteur: dyer
 
témoin: witness
 
témoinage: testimony
 
temp: time
 
terme: tem, periode of time
 
terrain: tract of land, field
 
territoire: territory
 
testament: will, a document in which one declares his last will and in which he disposes of his property and makes other arrangements for after his death. 
 
tête: head
 
tisserand: weaver
 
titre de noblesse: nobiliary, peerage liste, pertaining to the nobility
 
titre: title, name, caption heading
 
tombe: tomb, grave
 
tonnelier: cooper
 
tôt: early
 
toujours: slways
 
tout: all, everyone
 
toux: cough
 
traduction: translation
 
transaction: transaction, negotiation, settlement, agreement, compromise
 
travailleur: worker, laborer
 
tribunal: court, local court, tribunal court
 
trinité: trinity
 
triplés: triplets
 
tuberculose: tuberculosis
 
tumeur: tumor
 
tutelle: fuardianship, the authority conferred by law to an individual to care for the fortune and at times the person of a minor



abc


Letter U

un(e): one
 
université: university
 
usin: factory; construction; church property funds
 
ut supra: (latin) as above



abc


Letter V

vallée: valley
 
variole: smallpox
 
veille: vigil, the eve of a festival or holy day
 
vendre: to sell
 
vendredi: Friday
 
vente: sale, sell
 
vent réelle: sale of real property
 
vert: green
 
veuf/veuve: widower, widow, widowed
 
viatique: sacrament of the Eucharist administered to the sick in danger of death
 
vicaire: vicar
 
vicariat: vicarage; the territory over which a vicar presides
 
vicomte(sse): viscount, a title of noility
 
vice-roi: viceroy
 
vice-royauté: viceroyalte
 
vieillesse: old age
 
vieilli: elderly
 
viex/vieille: old
 
vignoble: vineyard
 
village: town, vilage
 
ville: city, town
 
visage: face, countenance
 
visite: visit, call, inspection
 
vivant(e): alive
 
vivre: to live
 
voilé: veiled
 
voisin(e): neighbor
 
voisinage:neighborhood
 
volume: volume


abc


NUMBERS 
un(e): one
 
deux: two
 
trois:  three
 
quatre: four
 
cinq: five
 
six: six
 
sept: seven
 
huit: eight
 
neuf: nine
 
dix: ten
 
onze: eleven
 
douze: twelve
 
treize: thirteen
 
quatorze: fourteen
 
quinze: fifteen
 
seize: sixteen
 
dix-sept: seventeen
 
dix-huit: eighteen
 
dix-neuf: nineteen
 
veingt: twenty
 
trente: thirty
 
quarante: forty
 
cinquante: fifty
 
soixant: sixty
 
soixant-dix: seventy
 
quatre-veingt: eighty
 
quatre-veingt-dix: ninety
​ 
cent: one hundred

*For numbers between 21-99 add numbers to the end. i.e. trente-et-un (31), quarante-cinq (45), quatre-veingt-deux (82). for 70-79 and 90-99 add the numbers 10-19 to the end. i.e. soixante-douze (72), quatre-veingt-treize (93), soixante-dix-sept (77), quatre-veingt-dix-huit (98).*


abc


VERBS

                       avoir- to have
j'ai-  I have                            nous avons-  we have
tu as-  you have                    vous avez-  you (formal/plural) have
il/elle a-   he/she has            ils/elles ont-  they have
 
                         être- to be                       
je suis-  I am                          nous​ sommes- we are
tu es- you are                        vous êtes- you (formal/plural) are
il/elle est-   he/she is             ils/elles sont-  they have
 
                    faire- to do/make
je​ fais- I make                       nous faisons- we make
tu fais- you make                  vous faisez- you (formal/plural) make
il/elle fait- he/she makes       ils/elles font- they make
 
*If the verbs avoir and être are conjugated in front of another verb, this idicates past tense*


abc


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