The upward loop of an uppercase letter A does not close all the way and instead curves to the left. For this reason it could be confused with a U.
The uppercase letter B is usually easy to recognize, although it might be confused with the Fraktur V. Unlike the V, the forward loops of the B always connect to the main stem.
This letter is very similar to the uppercase Latin C, except for an s-shaped hook coming down from the top. The only difference between this letter and an uppercase E is the lack of a forward hook coming out of the s-shaped hook.
There are usually no problems recognizing the D since it often resembles the uppercase Latin D. It should be easy to differentiate it from the uppercase O, which loops around in a continuous line.
The only difference between this letter and the uppercase C is the forward hook coming out of the s-shaped hook.
This letter looks like a stylized Latin F. The main stem curves downward to the left and is topped by a horizontal line. The F also features a cross stroke through the main stem.
The G somewhat resembles an uppercase C except for two curved lines sprouting upward and downward from the downward s-shaped hook.
This letter is made out of two different strokes. Out of the main vertical stem emerges a downward loop that almost meets the main stem before slightly curving to the right.
The Fraktur I looks exactly like the Fraktur J, except that the I's main stem is shorter than the J's.
The only difference between this letter and the Fraktur I is that its main stem is longer and goes below the baseline.
This letter looks very similar to the uppercase Latin R, except for an additional arched line looping over the top.
This letter is fairly easy to recognize. Notice that the main stem loops forward.
The Fraktur M consists of three main stems that unify at the top. In some versions of this letter, the first two vertical stems curve downward to the left.
The N comprises two vertical stems that are unified at the top. The first stem usually curves to the left at the top, forming a downward loop. At the base, the first stem may curve to the left or to the right. The second stem usually curves to the right at the bottom. Notice that the second stem is not completely straight, but peaks to the front. This letter strongly resembles and may be confused with the R.
The Fraktur O is almost identical to the Latin O, except that it may not completely close its loop at the top or on the left. It looks very similar to the Fraktur D, but unlike that letter, the O is one continuous line.
This letter consists of a main vertical stem that protrudes below the baseline. The upper portion of the stem splits and curves downward, forming a small loop on the left and two forward loops on the right. The P looks very similar to the V, although the V has no stem that extends under the baseline.
This letter looks exactly like an O with a downward stroke on the lower right. It is uncommon in German and is always followed by a u.
The Fraktur R is fairly easy to distinguish. It could sometimes be confused with an N if the upper loop is not closed. It could also be confused with a K, although a K has an extra arched line looping over the top.
The Fraktur S looks almost like a Latin G. Starting at the top, it curves downward and forward to the right until it reaches the baseline, where it then loops forward and backward at the midline.
This letter resembles the Latin I. It comprises two horizontal strokes on the top and the bottom that are unified by a vertical line.
The uppercase U is possibly one of the easiest letters to recognize. It is made up of two vertical lines connected at the bottom by a curved line. Be careful not to confuse it with the A.
This letter consists of a main vertical stem that splits at the top, forming a small loop on the left and two forward loops on the right. It may often resemble a B or a P. Unlike the B, the V's forward loops on the right do not curve back to the main stem. And unlike the P, the V's main stem does not extend under the baseline.
The W is made up of three curvy vertical stems connected at the bottom and the top.
The X is formed by two diagonal lines that cross each other, with a cross-stroke in the middle.
The uppercase Y looks almost like a U with an additional downward loop to the left, or it might also be formed by two downward loops united in the middle, the second loop extending under the baseline and looping to the left.
The Fraktur Z is formed by two forward loops, one on top of the other. The bottom loop might be longer and more curved than the top one.
As is the case with all umlauted vowels, the uppercase Ä strongly resembles its non-umlauted counterpart. The occurance of Ä and the other uppercase umlauted vowels is not very common. Ä is interchangeable with either AE or Ae.
The letter Ö is also uncommon and is interchangeable with OE or Oe.
The letter Ü seldom occurs in texts and is usually represented as UE or Ue.